不用本金就能赚钱的方法

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现在位置不用本金就能赚钱的方法>技术资料不用本金就能赚钱的方法>行业动态>技术动态>2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

科技导报2017年2月21日 9:29 点击:3562

本着分门别类、本刊推荐、专家遴选、宁缺毋滥、叙述事实的原则,从国内外重要科技期刊和科技新闻媒体所报道的中国科技成果中,按科学、技术、工程3 个类别,由《科技导报》编辑部遴选、推荐候选条目,经《科技导报》编委、审稿人等专家通信评选,推选出2016 年度中国重大科学、技术、工程进展30 项。2016 年中国重大科学进展10 项:精子RNA 可做为记忆载体将获得性性状跨代遗传;构建出世界上首个非人类灵长类自闭症模型;提出基于胆固醇代谢调控的肿瘤免疫治疗新方法;首次在原子尺度揭示水的核量子效应;实验证实马约拉纳费米子的存在;揭示RNA 剪接的关键分子机制;PandaX-II 实验对暗物质粒子特性给出迄今最强的限制;揭示水稻产量性杂种优势的分子遗传机制;在玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚态中实现来自二维自旋-轨道耦合;揭示胚胎发育过程中关键信号通路的表观遗传调控机理。

1)精子RNA 可作为记忆载体将获得性性状跨代遗传

YUELAIYUEDUODEZHENGJUXIANSHI,SUIZHESHENGHUOHUANJINGHEYINSHIJIEGOUDEJUDAGAIBIAN,GAOZHIYINSHIDAOZHIDEFEIPANGDENGDAIXIEXINGJIBING,KEYI“JIYI”ZAIJINGZIZHONGBINGYICHUANJIXIAYIDAI,DAOZHIHOUDAIFEIPANG。ZHEIZHONGHUODEXINGYICHUANXINGSHIDUIRENLEIFANYANJIHOUDAIJIANKANGJUYOUSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。JINGZIJIEDAODEZHEIZHONGHUODEXINGYICHUANJIZHISHEJIDNAXULIEZHIWAIDEBIAOGUANYICHUANXINXIZAIJINGZIZHONGDECUNCHUJICHUANDI,POJIEZHEILEIBIAOGUANYICHUANXINXISHIBENLINGYUDEYIGEZHUYAOTIAOZHAN。

ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDONGWUYANJIUSUOZHOUQI、DUANENKUIYUZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANGHAISHENGMINGKEXUEYANJIUYUANYINGYANGKEXUEYANJIUSUOZHAIQIWEIHEZUO,JIYUGAOZHIFANGYINSHIXIAOSHUMOXING,FAXIANJINGZIZHONGYILEILAIYUANYUtRNA DE5'DUANXULIEDE、DAXIAOFUJIZAI30~34 ntDEXIAORNA(tsRNAs),ZAIGAOZHIYINSHIXIAFASHENGLEBIAODAPUHERNAXIUSHIPUDEXIANZHUGAIBIAN(TU1)ZHEIZHONGtsRNAsKEZUOWEIFUYUANXINXIZAISHOUJINGSHIJINRULUANZI。FENLIGAOZHIXIAOSHUJINGZIZHONGDEtsRNAsPIANDUANBINGZHUSHEDAOZHENGCHANGSHOUJINGLUANNEI,KEYOUDAOF1ZIDAICHANSHENGDAIXIEXINGJIBING。GAOZHIXIAOSHUJINGZIDEtsRNAsJINRUSHOUJINGLUANHOUDAOZHIZAOQIPEITAIJIHOUDAIXIAOSHUYIDAOZHONGDAIXIETONGLUJIYINFASHENGXIANZHUGAIBIAN。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

不用本金就能赚钱的方法TU1 FUDAIHUODEXINGDAIXIEWENLUANXINGZHUANGTONGGUOJINGZIRNA XIANGF1 DAICHUANDI(TUPIANLAIYUAN:《Science》)

GAIYANJIUDIYICICONGJINGZIRNAJIAODUWEIYANJIUHUODEXINGXINGZHUANGDEKUADAIYICHUANXIANXIANGKAITUOLEQUANXINDESHIJIAO,TICHUJINGZItsRNAsSHIYILEIXINDEFUBENBIAOGUANYICHUANYINZI,KEJIEDAOHUODEXINGDAIXIEJIBINGDEKUADAIYICHUAN。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016NIAN1YUE22RI《Science》[351(6271): 397-400]。

2)构建出世界上首个非人灵长类自闭症模型

ZIBIZHENG(YECHENGGUDUZHENG)SHIYILEIDUOFAYUQINGSHAONIANDEFAYUXINGSHENJINGXITONGJIBING,HUANZHEBIAOXIANCHUSHEJIAOZHANGAI、ZHONGFUXINGKEBANDONGZUODENGXINGWEIYICHANG,MUQIANSHANGWUYOUXIAODEYAOWUZHILIAOJIGANYUFANGFA。JINNIANLAISHIJIEGEGUOJUNFAXIANZIBIZHENGDEHUANBINGLVZHUNIANSHENGGAO,YINQISHEHUIGEJIEGUANGFANGUANZHU。ZHONGGUOZUOWEIRENKOUDAGUO,YUJIQUANGUOZIBIZHENGHUANZHEJINQIANWAN。

ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANGHAISHENJINGKEXUEYANJIUSUOCHOUZILONGYANJIUZUYUFEIRENLINGZHANGLEIPINGTAISUNQIANGTUANDUIHEZUO,TONGGUOGOUJIANXIEDAIRENLEIZIBIZHENGJIYINMECP2 DEZHUANJIYINHOUMOXINGBINGDUIZHUANJIYINHOUJINXINGFENZIYICHUANXUEYUXINGWEIXUEFENXI,FAXIANMECP2 ZHUANJIYINHOUBIAOXIANCHULEISIYURENLEIZIBIZHENGDEKEBANDONGZUOYUSHEJIAOZHANGAIDENGXINGWEI。SHOUCIZAILINGZHANGLEIZHONGCHENGGONGTONGGUOJINGCHAOYITIYIZHIDEFANGFAJIAKUAIHOULEIFANZHIZHOUQI,LISHISANNIANBANDEDAOLEXIEDAIRENLEIMECP2 JIYINDEDIERDAIZHUANJIYINHOU(TU2),QIEFAXIANQIZAISHEJIAOXINGWEIFANGMIANBIAOXIANCHULEYUQINDAIXIANGTONGDEZIBIZHENGYANGBIAOXING。ZHEISHISHIJIESHANGSHOUGEZIBIZHENGDEFEIRENLINGZHANGLEIMOXING,WEISHENRUYANJIUZIBIZHENGDEBINGLIYUTANSUOKENENGDEZHILIAOGANYUFANGFAZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016 NIAN2 YUE4 RI《Nature》[530(7588):98-102]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

TU2 XIEDAIRENLEIZIBIZHENGJIYINMECP2 DEZHUANJIYINHOU(TUPIANLAIYUAN:《Nature》)

3)提出基于胆固醇代谢调控的肿瘤免疫治疗新方法

不用本金就能赚钱的方法T XIBAOJIEDAODEZHONGLIUMIANYIZHILIAOSHIZHILIAOZHONGLIUZUIYOUXIAODE4ZHONGWUQIZHIYI,ZAILINCHUANGSHANGYIQUDELEJUDADECHENGGONG。DANXIANYOUDEJIYUXINHAOZHUANDAODIAOKONGDEZHONGLIUMIANYIZHILIAOSHOUDUANZHIDUIBUFENBINGRENYOUXIAO,YINCIJIXUFAZHANXINDEFANGFARANGGENGDUOBINGRENSHOUYI。

ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANGHAISHENGWUHUAXUEYUXIBAOSHENGWUXUEYANJIUSUOXUCHENQI、LIBOLIANGYUHEZUOZHECONGQUANXINJIAODUYANJIULETXIBAODEZHONGLIUMIANYIYINGDAFANYING,RENWEITONGGUODIAOKONGTXIBAODEDAIXIEJIANCHADIANKEGAIBIANQIDAIXIEZHUANGTAI,SHIQIHUODEGENGQIANGDEKANGZHONGLIUXIAOYINGGONGNENG。JIANDINGCHUDANGUCHUNZHIHUAMEIACAT1SHIDIAOKONGZHONGLIUMIANYIYINGDADEDAIXIEJIANCHADIAN,YIZHIQIHUOXINGKEYIZENGQIANGCD8+TXIBAODEZHONGLIUSHASHANGNENGLI,QIZHUYAOJILISHICD8+TXIBAOZHIMODANGUCHUNSHUIPINGMINGXIANZENGJIA,BANGZHUTXIBAOKANGYUANSHOUTICUHEMIANYITUCHUDEGAOXIAOXINGCHENG(TU3)。TAMENHAIFAXIANACAT1YIZHIJIAvasimibe(HUIRUIGONGSIKAIFADEYONGYUZHILIAODONGMAIZHOUYANGYINGHUAXIANGGUANJIBINGDEYAOWU,YIJINXINGLEIIIQILINCHUANGSHIYAN)JUYOUHENHAODEKANGZHONGLIUXIAOYING,BINGNENGYUXIANYOUDELINCHUANGYAOWUPD-1 KANGTILIANHEZHILIAOLAIHUODEGENGHAODEZHONGLIUMIANYIZHILIAOXIAOGUO。YANJIUKAIPILEZHONGLIUMIANYIZHILIAODEYIGEXINLINGYU,ZHENGMINGLEDAIXIEDIAOKONGDEGUANJIANZUOYONG;HAIFAXIANLEACAT1ZHEIYIXINDEZHILIAOBADIAN,TUOZHANLEACAT1XIAOFENZIYIZHIJIDEYINGYONGQIANJING,WEIZHONGLIUMIANYIZHILIAOTIGONGLEXINSILUYUXINFANGFA。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016NIAN3YUE31RI《Nature》[531(7596):651-655]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

不用本金就能赚钱的方法TU3 YIZHIACAT1 ZENGQIANGCD8+T XIBAODEZHONGLIUSHASHANGGONGNENG(TUPIANLAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUAN

SHANGHAISHENGMINGKEXUEYANJIUYUANSHENGWUHUAXUEYUXIBAOSHENGWUXUEYANJIUSUO)

4)首次在原子尺度揭示水的核量子效应

SHUIFENZIDEQUANLIANGZIHUAXIAOYINGBEIRENWEISHIJIEKAISHUIDEAOMISUOXUYAOJIEDADEGUANJIANWENTIZHIYI,YIKUNRAOKEXUEJIEJISHINIAN。TABAOKUODIANZILIANGZIHUA、HELIANGZIHUA(YUANZIHEDEZHILIANGBIDIANZIYAODAXUDUO,YIBANQINGKUANGXIAYUANZIHEDELIANGZIXIAOYINGKEYIHULVE。DANQINGSHI1HAOYUANSU,HEZHILIANGHENXIAO,YINCIQINGHEDEHUODONGBUNENGJINJINYONGJINGDIANLIXUEJIESHI,YIYAOZHONGSHIQILIANGZITEXING——LIANGZISUICHUANHELIANGZILINGDIANYUNDONG)JIHELIANGZIHUADUIDIANZILIANGZITAIDEYINGXIANG。GUOQUDEYANJIUZHIJUXIANZAIDIANZILIANGZIHUADECENGMIAN,ERHOULIANGBUFENJIBENBEIHULVELE。

BEIJINGDAXUEWULIXUEYUANWANGENGEHEJIANGYINGYANJIUZUYUHEZUOZHE,ZAIXIANGGUANSHIYANJISHUHELILUNFANGFASHANGFENBIEQUDETUPO:FAZHANLEYITAO“ZHENJIANZENGQIANGDEFEIDANXINGDIANZISUICHUANPU”JISHU,HUODELEDANGESHUIFENZIDEGAOFENBIANZHENDONGPU,BINGYOUCICEDELEDANGEQINGJIANDEQIANGDU;KAIFALEJIYUDIYIXINGYUANLIDELUJINGJIFENFENZIDONGLIXUEFANGFA,SHIXIANLEDUIDIANZILIANGZITAIHEYUANZIHELIANGZITAIDEJINGQUEMIAOSHU。JIYUCI,ZAIGUOJISHANGLVXIANCEDINGLEQINGJIANDELIANGZICHENGFEN,SHOUCIZAIYUANZICHIDUJIESHILESHUIDEHELIANGZIXIAOYING(TU4)。YANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING,QINGJIANDELIANGZICHENGFENKEYUANDAYUSHIWENDERENENG,QINGHEDE“FEIJIANXIELINGDIANYUNDONG”HUIRUOHUARUOQINGJIAN,QIANGHUAQIANGQINGJIAN,ZHEIGEWULITUXIANGDUIYUGEZHONGQINGJIANTIXIJUYOUXIANGDANGDEPUSHIXING。GAIGONGZUOSHIDUI“QINGJIANDELIANGZICHENGFENJIUJINGYOUDUODA”ZHEIYIWUZHIKEXUEJIBENWENTIDESHOUCIDINGLIANGJIEDA,CHENGQINGLEXUESHUJIEZHANGQIZHENGLUNDEQINGJIANDELIANGZIBENZHI,JIANGYOUZHUYULIJIESHUIHEQITAQINGJIANTIXIDEHENDUOFANCHANGTEXING。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016 NIAN4 YUE15 RI《Science》[352(6283): 321-325]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

不用本金就能赚钱的方法TU4 LIYONGSAOMIAOSUIDAOXIANWEIJINGCELIANGSHUIDELIANGZIXIAOYINGDESHIYI(a)JIWEIDANGESHUIFENZIDEFEIDANXINGDIANZISUICHUANPU(b)(TUPIANLAIYUAN:BEIJINGDAXUE)

5)实验证实马约拉纳费米子的存在

MAYUELANAFEIMIZISHIYIZHONGYUQIFANLIZIWANQUANXIANGTONGDETESHUFEIMIZI,TABUJINGUANXIDAOCHAODUICHENGLILUNHEANWUZHI,ERQIESHITUOPULIANGZIBITEDEZUIYOUZAITI,ZAILIANGZIJISUANLINGYUYOUJUDAYINGYONGQIANJING,YIZHISHIWULIXUEJIEDEYANJIUREDIAN。2012 NIAN,SHANGHAIJIAOTONGDAXUEWULIYUTIANWENXIJIAJINFENGYANJIUZUSHOUXIANCAIYONGCHUANGXINDESHEJIHECAILIAOSHENGZHANGFANGFA,ZHIBEICHULEZIRANJIEZHONGBUCUNZAIDETUOPUCHAODAOCAILIAO,JIMAYUELANAFEIMIZIDEZAITI。ZUIXINDELILUNYUYANNINGJUTAIZHONGDEMAYUELANALINGNENGMO(JIMAYUELANAFEIMIZI)KEYOUDAOCHANSHENGZIXUANXUANZEXINGAndreevFANSHE(SSAR),ZHEIZHONGXINQIDECITEXINGKEYIYONGLAITANCEMAYUELANALINGNENGMO。

ZAIQIANQIGONGZUODEJICHUSHANG,JIAJINFENG(TU5)YANJIUZUYUNANJINGDAXUEWULIXUEYUANLISHAOCHUNYIJIZHEJIANGDAXUEWULIXUEXIZHANGFUCHUNDENGHEZUO,CAIYONGZIXUANJIHUASAOMIAOSUIDAOXIANWEIJING/PU,TANCELERENZAOTUOPUCHAODAOTIBi2Te3/NbSe2YIZHIJIEZHONGYOUMAYUELANALINGNENGMOCHANSHENGDESSAR。GUANCEJIEGUOXIANSHI,DANGSAOMIAOSUIDAOXIANWEIJINGDEZHENJIANJIHUAYUWAIBUCICHANGFANGXIANGYIZHISHI,LIANGZIWOXUANZHONGXINSUIDAOWEIFENDIANDAODELINGNENGFENGYAOMINGXIANGAOYUFANGXIANGBUYIZHIDEQINGKUANG。ZHEIZHONGZIXUANYILAIXINGSUIDAOXIAOYINGTIGONGLEMAYUELANALINGNENGMODEZHIJIEZHENGJU,JIESHILEQILINGNENGLIANGMOTAIZHIWAIDECITEXING。GAIGONGZUOZAISHIYANSHANGQUEDINGXINGZHENGSHIMAYUELANALINGNENGMODECUNZAI,HAITIGONGLEYIGESHIBIEHEDIAOKONGDEFANGFA,SHIMAYUELANALINGNENGMOZAITUOPULIANGZIJISUANFANGMIANDEYINGYONGCHENGWEIKENENG。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016 NIAN6YUE24 RI《Physical Review Letters》[116(25): 257003]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

TU5 JIAJINFENGZAISHIYANSHIBUHUOMAYUELANAFEIMIZI(TUPIANLAIYUAN:《ZHONGGUOKEXUEBAO》)

6)揭示RNA 剪接的关键分子机制

RNAJIANJIESHIDIQIUSHANGSUOYOUZHENHESHENGWUCONGDNADAODANBAIZHIXINXICHUANDIZHEIYI“ZHONGXINFAZE”DEGUANJIANYIHUAN。TONGGUOJIANJIEFANYING,QIANTIXINSHIRNAZHONGDENEIHANZIBEITICHU、WAIXIANZILIANJIEQILAIXINGCHENGCHENGSHUDEXINSHIRNA,JINYIBUCAINENGBEIFANYICHENGDANBAIZHI。RENLEIYIZHIDEYICHUANJIBINGZHONGDAYUE35%SHIYOURNAJIANJIEYICHANGDAOZHIDE。RNAJIANJIEDEHUAXUEBENZHISHIQIANTIXINSHIRNAJINGLI2BUZHUANZHIFANYINGWANCHENGJIANHEJIE2GEGUANJIANBUZHOU,MEIYIBUDOUXUYAOYOUYIGEJUDADEDONGTAIFENZIJIQI——JIETICUIHUAWANCHENG。YINCI,HUOQUFENZILIANGDA200WANDAOERDUNYISHANGDEJIANJIETIZAIZUZHUANG、JIHUO、CUIHUAFANYINGGUOCHENGZHONGGEGEZHUANGTAIDEGAOFENBIANLVKONGJIANSANWEIJIEGOUSHILIJIERNAJIANJIEFENZIJIZHIDEBIJINGZHILU,YESHIJIEGOUSHENGWUXUEJIEZUIFUTIAOZHANXINGDEKETI。GUOQU30NIAN,ZHEIYISHENGMINGKEXUEJICHUYANJIUDEHEXINLINGYUJINZHANHUANMAN。

QINGHUADAXUESHENGMINGKEXUEXUEYUANSHIYIGONGSHIYANSHIZHENDUIZHEIYIZHONGDAKEXUENANTI,CHUANGXINXINGDILIYONGJIAOMUNEIYUANXINGDANBAITIQUHUODELEXINGZHILIANGHAODEYANGPIN,BINGLIYONGDANKELILENGDONGDIANZIXIANWEIJINGJISHU,JI2015NIANLVXIANBAODAOLIEZHIJIAOMUJIANJIETIDEJIEGOUZHIHOU,ZAI2016NIANQUDEZHONGDATUPO,XIANGJIJIEXILE3GEGUANJIANGONGZUOZHUANGTAIXIAJIANJIETIDEJINYUANZIFENBIANLVJIEGOU(JI3.5 ?DEJIHUOZHUANGTAIJIANJIETIBact complex、3.4 ?DEDIYIBUCUIHUAFANYINGHOUFUHEWUC complexYIJI4.0 ?DEDIERBUCUIHUAJIHUOZHUANGTAIXIADEC*complex,TU6)YIJIYIGEJIANJIETIZUZHUANGGUOCHENGZHONGZHONGYAOFUHEWUDEGAOFENBIANLVJIEGOU(JI3.8 ?DEYUZUZHUANGFUHEWUU4/U6.U5 tri-snRNP)。ZHEI4XIANGJINZHANXIANHOUFABIAOZAI2016NIANDE《Science》[351(6272): 466-475; 353(6302):895- 904;353(6302): 904- 911;355(6321): 149-155]。ZHEI4 GEGAOFENBIANLVJIEGOUSUODAIBIAODEJIANJIETIZHUANGTAI,JIBENFUGAILERNAJIANJIEDEGUANJIANCUIHUABUZHOU,CONGFENZICENGMIANJIESHILEJIANJIETIZHIXINGRNAJIANJIEDEJIZHI,JIDADITUIDONGLERNAJIANJIEZHEIYIJICHUYANJIULINGYUDEFAZHAN。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

TU6 C* complex SANWEIJIEGOUSHIYITU(TUPIANLAIYUAN:QINGHUADAXUE)

7)PandaX-II 实验对暗物质粒子特性给出迄今最强的限制

ANWUZHISHIYUZHOUZHONGBUCANYU“DIANCI”HE“QIANG”XIANGHUZUOYONGDEQUANXINWEIZHIWUZHI,SHIPUTONGWUZHIDE5BEIDUO。JIEKAIANWUZHIWEIGUANLIZIBENZHISHI21SHIJIWULIYUTIANWENXUEZUIZHONGYAODEKEXUEMUBIAOZHIYI。GENJUMUQIANDEZHULIULILUN,ANWUZHIHENKENENGSHIYIZHONGCHAOCHULIZIWULIBIAOZHUNMOXINGDE“RUOXIANGHUZUOYONGZHONGLIZI”。30NIANLAI,GUOJISHANGDUOGESHIYANTUANDUIZAISHENBUDIXIASHIYANSHIDUIZHEILEIANWUZHIKAIZHANLEZHIJIETANCE,BINGTONGGUOBUDUANTIGAOTANCELINGMINDULAIZHUBUBIJINYUYANDEANWUZHILIZICUNZAIDECANSHUKONGJIAN。

SHANGHAIJIAOTONGDAXUEJIXIANGDONGHELIUJIANGLAILINGDAODEPandaX-II HEZUOZUCHENGGONGYANZHILEMUQIANGUOJISHANGZHENGZAIYUNXINGZHONGDEZUIDAGUIMODE、500 kg JIDE“ ERXIANGXING”YEXIANANWUZHITANCEQI(TU7),SHIXIANLETONGLEIYIQIZHONGDEZUIGAOTANCEXIAOLVHEZUIDIZAOSHENGSHUIPING。PandaXIITANCEQIYU2016NIAN3 YUEKAISHIZAISICHUANLIANGSHANDIQUSHIJIEZUISHENDEZHONGGUOJINPINGDIXIASHIYANSHIYUNXINGBINGCAIJISHUJU。ZAISHOUGEYUNXINGQI33000 kg·dDEGUOJIZUIDAPUGUANGLIANGXIA,DEDAOLEANWUZHIYUZHIZIHEZHONGZIDESANSHEJIEMIANXIAOYU2.5×10-46cm2DEZUIQIANGXIANZHI,YIGAOZHIXINDUPAICHULEANWUZHILIZIYUPUTONGWUZHITONGGUOCHUANDIBIAOZHUNMOXINGLIZIXIANGHUZUOYONGDEKENENGXING。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOYIFENGMIANWENZHANGDEXINGSHIFABIAOZAI2016NIAN9 YUE16 RI《Physical Review Letters》[117(12): 121303]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

TU7 500 kg JIYEXIANTANCEQI(TUPIANLAIYUAN:SHANGHAIJIAOTONGDAXUEWEIXINGONGZHONGHAO)

8)揭示水稻产量性状杂种优势的分子遗传机制

BUDUANTIGAOGUWUCHANLIANGYIBAOZHANGQUANQIULIANGSHIANQUANSHIZUOWUYICHUANYUZHONGDEZHANGQIMUBIAO。ZAZHONGYOUSHISHIZHITONGGUOZAJIAOHOUDAIZHANXIANCHUBIFUBENHEMUBENJUYOUGENGYOUSHIXINGZHUANGDEXIANXIANG,SHIYIZHONGZHONGYAODEZUOWUYUZHONGCELVE。

WEIJIESHISHUIDAOCHANLIANGXINGZHUANGZAZHONGYOUSHIDEYICHUANJICHU,ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANGHAISHENGMINGKEXUEYANJIUYUANZHIWUSHENGLISHENGTAIYANJIUSUOHANBINHEHUANGXUEHUIYANJIUZUYUZHONGGUOSHUIDAOYANJIUSUOYANGSHIHUAHEZUO,DUI17 TAODAIBIAOXINGZAJIAOSHUIDAOPINXIDE10074FENF2DAICAILIAOJINXINGLEJIYINXINGHEBIAOXINGXINGZHUANGFENXI(TU8)。XITONGJIANDINGLEYUSHUIDAOCHANLIANGZAZHONGYOUSHIXIANGGUANDEYICHUANWEIDIAN,BINGJIANGXIANDAIZAJIAOSHUIDAOPINXIJIANDINGWEI3GEQUNXI,DAIBIAOLEBUTONGDEZAJIAOYUZHONGTIXI。YANJIUFAXIAN,SUIRANZAISUOYOUZAJIAODAOZHONGMEIYOUWANQUANXIANGTONGDEYUZAZHONGYOUSHIXIANGGUANDEYICHUANWEIDIAN,DANZAITONGYIQUNXINEI,DOUYOUSHAOLIANGLAIZIMUBENDEJIYINWEIDIANTONGGUOBUWANQUANXIANXINGDEJIZHIDUIDABUFENZAZHONGDECHANLIANGYOUSHIYOUZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。ZHEIYIFAXIANJIANGYOULIYUJINXINGGAOXIAODEZAJIAOYOUHUAPEIZU,YIKUAISUHUODEJUYOUGAOCHAN、YOUZHIHEKANGNIDEZAJIAOPINZHONG。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016 NIAN9YUE29 RI《Nature》[537(7622):629-633]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

TU8 ZHENDUI10074 FENF2 DAICAILIAOJINXINGDEDAGUIMOCEXUHOUDEJIYINFENXINGYUYICHUAN(TUPIANLAIYUAN:《Nature》)

9)在玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚态中实现二维自旋-轨道耦合

ZIXUAN-GUIDAOOUHESHILIANGZIWULIXUEZHONGJIBENDEWULIXIAOYING,TAZAITUOPUJUEYUANTI、TUOPUCHAODAOTIDENGDANGQIANNINGJUTAIWULIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEQIANYANLINGYUBANYANLEHEXINJIAOSE。RANERZAIGUTICAILIAOZHONGZUOJINGQUEDEYANJIUSHOUDAOLEFUZAHUANJINGDEXIANZHI。CHAOLENGYUANZIJUYOUHUANJINGGANJING、GAODUKEKONGDEYOUSHI,YOUJIGUANGYOUDAODEZIXUAN-GUIDAO(SO)XIANGHUZUOYONGDECHAOLENGYUANZITIGONGLEYIGECHUANTONGGUTIZHIWAIDELIXIANGYANJIUPINGTAI,SHIDANGQIANLIANGZIMONILINGYUZHONGDEZUIZHONGYAODEFANGXIANGZHIYI。

ZHONGGUOKEXUEJISHUDAXUEHEFEIWEICHIDUWUZHIKEXUEGUOJIASHIYANSHIPANJIANWEI、CHENSHUAIDENGZUCHENGDESHIYANXIAOZUYUBEIJINGDAXUEWULIXUEYUANLIUXIONGJUNLILUNXIAOZUDENGHEZUO,LILUNTICHUBINGSHIYANSHIXIANLERU-87BOSEAIYINSITANNINGJUQITIZHONGDEERWEIZIXUAN-GUIDAOOUHE,GOUZAOLEFEIPINGFANTUOPUNENGDAIBINGCEDINGLEQIXINQIDEXINGZHI。TAMENLIYONGDEQUANXINLAMANGUANGJINGGEJISHUJUYOUTIANRANDEWENDINGXING,BUXUYAODUIGUANGXUESHILEIJINXINGSUOXIANGHUOJINGXIDEDIAOXIE,QIETIXIDEJIAREKEBEIHENHAODIKONGZHI。SHIYANZHONGGUANCHADAOLEZAIERWEIHEYIWEIZHIJIANKELIANXUDIAOXIEDEZIXUAN-GUIDAOOUHE,BINGTONGGUOYUANZIYUNZAIZIXUANJIEGOUHEDONGLIANGKONGJIANDEFENBUGUANCHADAOLENENGDAIDETUOPUXIANGBIAN(TU9),GAIGONGZUOJIANGDUILENGYUANZIHENINGJUTAIWULIYANJIUCHANSHENGZHONGDAYINGXIANG,JIYUCIGONGZUOKEYANJIUQUANXINDETUOPUWULI,BAOKUOGUTIXITONGZHONGNANYIGUANCHADAODEBOSEZITUOPUXIAOYINGDENG,WEICHAOLENGYUANZILIANGZIMONIKAIPILEYITIAOXINDAOLU。XIANGGUANYANJIUJIEGUOFABIAOZAI2016NIAN10YUE7RI《Science》[354(6308): 83-88]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

不用本金就能赚钱的方法TU9 SHIYANGUANCHADAOLEZAIERWEIHEYIWEIZHIJIANKELIANXUDIAOXIEDEZIXUAN-GUIDAOOUHE(TUPIANLAIYUAN:《Science》)

10)揭示胚胎发育过程中关键信号通路的表观遗传调控机理

不用本金就能赚钱的方法DONGZHIWUCONGDANXIBAOSHOUJINGLUANFAYUCHENGWEIGAODUFUZADESHENGWUTISHIYIGEQIMIAODEGUOCHENG。BURUDONGWUJIYINZUDNAZHONGDE5-JIAJIBAOMIDING(5mC)SHIYIZHONGWENDINGCUNZAIDEBIAOGUANYICHUANXIUSHI,TONGGUODNAJIAJIZHUANYIMEI(DN?MTs)CUIHUACHANSHENG。JINNIANLAIYANJIUFAXIAN,TETSHUANGJIAYANGMEIJIAZUDANBAIKEYIYANGHUA5mC,CONGERJIEDAODNAFASHENGQUJIAJIHUA。SUIRANDNAJIAJIHUAZAIBURUDONGWUJIYINZUYINJIHEXRANSETISHIHUODENGGUOCHENGZHONGJUYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,DANSHIDNAJIAJIHUAJIQIJINYIBUYANGHUAXIUSHIZAIXIAOSHUPEITAIFAYUGUOCHENGZHONGDEGONGNENGYIYIHAIZHIZHISHENSHAO。

ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHENGWUHUAXUEYUXIBAOSHENGWUXUEYANJIUSUOXUGUOLIANGYANJIUZUYUMEIGUOWEISIKANGXINGDAXUESUNXIN、BEIJINGDAXUETANGFUCHOUDENGHEZUO,LIYONGSHENGZHIXITEYIXINGQIAOCHUXIAOSHUDEDAOTetJIYINSANQIAOCHUPEITAI,TONGGUOYIXILIEXINGTAIFAYUTEZHENGDEJIANCE,JIEHEJIYINGONGNENGHUBUFENXI,JIEXILETETQUESHIZAOCHENGPEITAISIWANGDEJIZHI,FAXIANLETETSANGECHENGYUANZHIJIANGONGNENGSHANGXIANGHUXIEZUO,JIEDAODEDNA QUJIAJIHUAYUDNMTJIEDAODEDNAJIAJIHUAXIANGHUJIEKANG,TONGGUODIAOKONGLefty-NodalXINHAOTONGLUKONGZHIPEITAIYUANCHANGYUNDONG(TU10)。GAIGONGZUOCONGZHANGQIKUNRAOFAYUSHENGWUXUELINGYUDEJIBENZHONGDAWENTICHUFA,ZHEYANYURENLEIXINSHENGERCHUSHENGQUEXIANDEKENENGJILIHEFANGZHI,DIYICIXITONGDIJIESHILEPEITAIFAYUGUOCHENGZHONGGUANJIANXINHAOTONGLUDEBIAOGUANYICHUANDIAOKONGJILI,WEIFAYUSHENGWUXUEDEJIBENYUANLITIGONGLEZHANXINDERENSHI。XIANGGUANYANJIULUNWENFABIAOZAI2016 NIAN10 YUE27 RI《Nature》[538(7626):528-532]。

2016年中国重大科学、技术和工程进展(科学篇)

TU10 YUANCHANGYUNDONGGUOCHENGZHONGTET HEDNMT3 ZAILefty-Nodal FANKUIDIAOKONGHUANLUZHONGDEGONGNENGSHIYI(TUPIANLAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANGHAISHENGMINGKEXUEYANJIUYUANSHENGWUHUAXUEYUXIBAOSHENGWUXUEYANJIUSUO)

致谢 本次遴选中,“重大科学进展”的30项候选条目,是从科学技术部基础研究管理中心主办,《中国基础科学》、《科技导报》、《中国科学院院刊》、《中国科学基金》、《科学通报》协办的2016 年度“中国科学十大进展”候选条目中产生的,特此感谢! (责任编辑 刘志远


本文作者:陈广仁,刘志远,田恬,祝叶华

作者单位《科技导报》编辑部

不用本金就能赚钱的方法本文发表在2017年第3期《科技导报》,欢迎关注。


(来源: 科技导报 )


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