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每周分享:Sustainable Synthesis of Zeolites without Addition of Both Organotemplates and Solvents

麦克默瑞提克(上海)仪器有限公司2014年7月11日 13:45 点击:728

 今天给大家分享的是20142月份《Journal of the American Chemical Society》上发表的一篇名为:Sustainable Synthesis of Zeolites without Addition of Both Organotemplates and Solvents

 

 

文章摘要如下:

The development of sustainable and environmentally friendly techniques for synthesizing zeolites has attracted much attention, as the use of organic templates and solvents in the hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites is a major obstacle for realizing green and sustainable synthesis ways. Recently, the introduction of the organotemplate-free synthesis method allowed avoiding the use of organic templates, but water as solvent was still required; solvent-free routes on the other hand beared the potential to significantly reduce the amount of polluted wastewater, but organic templates were still present. In this work, we have demonstrated a combined strategy of both organotemplate- and solvent-free conditions to synthesize aluminosilicate zeolites Beta and ZSM-5 (S-Beta and S-ZSM-5), two of the most important zeolites relevant for industry. The samples are thoroughly characterized by XRD patterns, SEM images, N2 sorption isotherms, UV-Raman spectra, and 29Si and 27Al MAS NMR spectra. The results demonstrate that S-Beta and S-ZSM-5 zeolites exhibit almost the same textural parameters (e.g., BET surface area and pore volume) and catalytic performance in cumene cracking and m-xylene isomerization as those of conventional Beta and ZSM-5 zeolites synthesized under hydrothermal conditions (C-Beta and C-ZSM-5). The organotemplate- and solvent-free syntheses of S-Beta and S-ZSM-5 take place at a low-pressure regime and are free of harmful gases as well as give high product yields together with highly efficient consumption of the starting raw materials. These advantages plus the very simple procedures opened the pathway to a highly sustainable zeolite synthesis protocol compared to conventional methods currently employed for C-Beta and C-ZSM-5. Very interestingly, this simple synthesis is a good model for understanding zeolite crystallization. The detail characterizations indicate that the S-Beta crystals are formed from the assembly of zeolite building units, mainly 4MRs, while the 5MRs in the framework are just formed in the crystallization of S-ZSM-5, rather than existence in the starting solid mixture. During the crystallization processes, small traces of water play an important role for the hydrolysis and condensation of silica and/or aluminosilicate species.

该文章中材料表征采用的是美国麦克仪器ASAP 2020Tristar系统,使用该仪器获得材料氮气吸附脱附等温线

详情可参考下面链接:

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja500098j

(来源: 麦克默瑞提克(上海)仪器有限公司


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